Promoting and showcasing Unmanned Aircraft Systems (Drones). We are all about platforms, subsystems and technology applications.
sUASNews the global unmanned aviation news source.
Gene and I will touch on the FAA Registration Task Force and get the scoop on the upcoming Automated Vehicle Summit from representatives of Gulf Unmanned Systems, Florida Atlantic University and Pickett and Associates.
Posted: November 24, 2015, 9:30 pm
Gene and I will discuss drone (aircraft) registration, and some of the risks drones may pose to the NAS. Our guests will be subject matter experts Terry Miller, and W. Hulsey Smith.
Posted: November 20, 2015, 7:30 pm
Our guest is JD Claridge from Shark Tank funded xCraft UAV. We get the inside scoop about what it is like to be on Shark Tank and get funded. We'll also find out more about PhoneDrone, the smartphone drone.
Posted: October 30, 2015, 5:00 pm
Gene and I have been on hiatus attending a myriad of drone-related trade shows. We will discuss the highlights, lowlights and takeaways from these events.
Posted: October 15, 2015, 4:30 pm
Eileen will share some insights into what it takes to develop a small Unmanned Aircraft System and build a successful company around it. Also up for discussion, how to determine which applications make sense to pursue, and what it is like to do business in the U.S. unmanned technology field.
Posted: August 12, 2015, 4:30 pm
Our Guest Colin Snow (aka The Drone Analyst) will be in to help us make sense of the market numbers. We’ll also discuss the last NASA UTM meeting, some economic reports, and the EASA Notice of Proposed Amendments.
Posted: August 6, 2015, 5:00 pm
Our guest is Scot Refsland, Race Director for the US National Drone Racing Championships. We will hear all about this yea's exciting U.S. National Drone Racing Championships event at this year's California State Fair.
Posted: June 26, 2015, 5:00 pm
Gene Robinson will tell us about his recent experiences first doing SAR and then taking on the role of Air boss during the floods. He will discuss his takeaway for using small UAS (legally) and in concert with manned aircraft assets.
Posted: June 16, 2015, 4:30 pm
Gene Robinson and I go over the current events and topics. We talk about the RCAPA NPRM submitted comments. NASA UTM ICAO sARP meeting this week, and the upcoming Super Symposium Small Unmanned Systems Business Exposition. The topics are timely, and the conversation is sure to be lively.
Posted: April 16, 2015, 5:00 pm
Gene and I discuss the NPRM, E-COA's, The Small Unmanned Systems Business Exposition, the AIrspace Integration Timeline and other relevent topics.
Posted: March 18, 2015, 4:00 pm
In this installment, we talk with Professor Dyson. When it comes to Robot technicians Tony is quite unique, as well as building one of the most famous Robots ever, R2-D2 he has also designed and built Robots for some of the largest electronic companies in the world. For example Sony, Philips and Toshiba.
Tony is publishing a unique series of ‘Kindle Directories’ called ‘21 Amazing Robots’ the first in this series will be ‘21 Amazing Super Drones’ the second will be ‘21 Amazing Super Drone Operators’. For more information about being included in this high profile publication, contact him here. tony (@) tonydyson.com
Posted: January 27, 2015, 5:00 pm
Gene and I talk about what did and didn’t happen in 2014 i.e. the NPRM and September 2015 integration, not. The Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas and other current events. Idea poachers should have paper and pen handy as we will also talk about the much-anticipated 2015 Small Unmanned Systems Business Exposition. Call in a give the comunity your view’s on the current state of affairs. (323) 375-3237
Posted: January 21, 2015, 5:00 pm
We'll discuss current events, and our guest is Paul Aitken from Drone U.
Posted: December 17, 2014, 5:00 pm
We have a discussion with one of the pioneering legends of the UAS/RPAS/Drone world Mr. Tad McGeer. If you are interested in hearing about both the origins and the cutting edge of this industry then this is the is an episode you don't want to miss!
Posted: November 5, 2014, 5:00 pm
We speak with Brandon Brasso, Ph.D., Senior Research and Development Engineer from 3DR about their exciting new line of mapping products.
Posted: October 30, 2014, 4:00 pm
Gene Robinson and Mike Hennig from RP Search Services will tell us about the Big Plano Texas Search using the Nist owned MLB Super Bat UAS. Patrick Egan will discuss his recent trip to D.C. for the FAA BVLOS meeting and his attempts at some impromptu UAS SAR. There will also be some time for discussion about other drone related current events including the sUAS News Conservation RPAS 2014.
Posted: September 17, 2014, 4:00 pm
Our guest is Dr. Stephen McKeever, Secreteary of Science and Technology for the State of Oklahoma. We will get a an overview and comentery about one of the more pro-UAS States.
Posted: July 24, 2014, 4:00 pm
Gene Robinson and I talk about the FAA and Texas Equusearch UAS Court Decision. Also up for discussion, is the FAA’s Interpretation of the “Special” rule for model aircraft, public response and the 2014 Farnborough air show.
Posted: July 21, 2014, 4:30 pm
Gene and Patrick speak with Terry Miller from Transport Risk Managment. We'll discuss some of the criteria to secure commercial liability coverage for your UAS business. A must listen for anyone considering a venture in this growing industry.
Posted: June 20, 2014, 6:00 pm
Gene and I discuss the 2014Small Umanned System Business Expostion, Test Sites and other current stories.
Posted: June 4, 2014, 4:00 pm
We talk Brendan Schulman and Gene Robinson about the Texas EquuSearch pettition agaisnt the FAA.
Please feel free to call in and ask questions about their use of UAS for Search and Rescue.
Posted: April 22, 2014, 8:30 pm
We talk about commercial drones being legal again in the U.S., Trappy and the relaunch of the RCAPA
Posted: March 7, 2014, 11:00 pm
Gene and I chat about some of the events and news of late. Up for discussion are, the Prescribed Burn episode of Drone TV, the NASA UTM meeting, contributed to articles in the news and other timely and relevant stories.
Posted: February 20, 2014, 9:00 pm
We speak with Jonathan Evans about this public effort to showcase the benefits of Drones.
Posted: February 6, 2014, 9:30 pm
We speak with Eli Delia and Marque Cornblatt about the Game of Drones Kickstarter.
Posted: February 4, 2014, 6:00 pm
We speak with Sinclair UAS Training and Certification Center Director Dr. Andrew Shepherd.
Posted: January 28, 2014, 5:30 pm
We discuss agricultural application of sUAS and the potential agrarian gold rush with Utah State Universities Dr. Mac McKee.
Posted: December 18, 2013, 5:00 pm
Our guest is Matthew Schroyer founder of the Professional Society of Drone Journalists (PSDJ), located at www.DroneJournalism.org He was also a presenter at the 2013 Small Unmanned Systems Business Exposition.
Posted: December 11, 2013, 5:00 pm
This week we speak with Paul Voss about his article for IEEE Spectrum on Sensible Small Drone Regulation. We also talk to Terry and Belinda Kilby about their book Drone Art Baltimore. Lots to talk about with the Amazon First Air and a pletora. Lots to discuss with the Amazon PrimeAir and a plethora of news interviews to review.
Posted: December 4, 2013, 5:00 pm
We hear from the pilot and co-developer of Lady GaGa’s Volantis flying dress. This is a rare chance to get the inside story on the project and the entertainers views on technology. Who should control it and why. Other subjects up for discussion are the Cal UAS Portal and the FAA Roadmap story.
Posted: November 20, 2013, 5:00 pm
Our guest is Douglas Marshall, UAS Regulation and Standards Development at NMSU. We’ll have a discussion about the latest Roadmap offerings from the FAA. We'll also touch on the pick 6 for the Test Site horse race.
Posted: November 13, 2013, 5:00 pm
We have a discussion with Raphael Pirker (aka Trappy) and his counsel Brendan Schulman. Among the topics will be, the motion to dismiss the fine and other general questions about the case and the road ahead.
Posted: October 30, 2013, 5:30 pm
We get a preemptive overview of the RoboBuisness conference with Conference Chairman Dan Kara and Richard Erb. RoboBusiness will be held on October 23-25, 2013 in Santa Clara CA.
Posted: October 16, 2013, 4:00 pm
We examine and comment on some of the big stories of the day. The FAA’s giant leap fall’s short with airspace integration effort history and background. Raphael Pirker’s (aka Trappy) Council filing a motion to dismiss the FAA’s imposed $10,000 fine. What literally went down at Bull Run, and other related topics.
Posted: October 4, 2013, 4:00 pm
More insights, applications and gear reviews from the field. Gene will be calling in live from a firefighting exercise, and we will recap last week’s demo for the California National Guard.
Posted: September 25, 2013, 4:00 pm
We will discuss the Drones and Aerial Robotics Conference with producers and participants of the event scheduled for October 11-13, 2013.
Posted: September 4, 2013, 3:30 pm
We find out moree about the Unmanned Aircraft Systems Airspace Operations Challenge with Dr. Larry Cooper and Michael Hetle from NASA.
Posted: August 28, 2013, 4:00 pm
We speak with RCAPA President Mr. Rick Connelly. Views and commentary on the past decade.
Posted: August 21, 2013, 4:00 pm
We will discuss impressions live from AUVSI's Unmanned Systems 2013
Posted: August 14, 2013, 12:30 pm
Our guest will discuss and give insights on her new production and upcoming release of Civilian Drones.
Posted: August 8, 2013, 3:30 pm
Roudtable review of the Small Unmanned Systems Business Expo.
Posted: July 31, 2013, 3:30 pm
This week we talk to Small Unmanned Systems Business Expo presenters Tad McGeer, CEO of Aerovel, and Eileen Shibley of the California UAS Portal.
Posted: July 16, 2013, 4:00 pm
Our guest is Mr. Todd Jacobs, Deputy Superintendent for Operations and Administration,
NOAA NOS Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary &
NOAA OAR Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Program
We will discuss the ways unmanned systems help NOAA in their charge.
Posted: July 10, 2013, 4:00 pm
Guest Peter van Blyenburgh of UVS International talks about the progress the rest of the world is making with the airspace integration of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS).
The European RPAS Roadmap, the Civil RPAS Operations Survey, and an update on some of the ICAO progress.
Posted: July 4, 2013, 9:00 am
We discuss personal and commercial spacefight with Dr. Patricia Hynes from NMSU.
Posted: June 26, 2013, 9:30 pm
We host AUVSI BOD Candidates Dallas Brooks, Benjimine Miller and Mark Gordon. We will discuss the future of the unmanned technology sector.
Posted: June 19, 2013, 4:30 pm
Our guests are Douglas McQueen from the law firm of LeClair Ryan. He'll be giving us a preview of his presentation for the Small Unmanned Business Exposition.
We’ll also hear from AUVSI BoD candidate Doug Davis about his vision for the future.
Posted: June 12, 2013, 3:30 pm
Our guest for episode #49 is Mr. Chuck Johnson Manager, NASA UAS Integration in the NAS Project. We’ll hear about the challenges and some possible solutions for NAS integration.
Posted: May 29, 2013, 8:00 pm
Hard to believe the first year of production is in the can. Episode 48 will highlight some of what we listened to, liked and learned over the last 47 shows. We will revisit a few of the topics and hopefully even hear updates from the programs many new friends.
Posted: May 8, 2013, 4:00 pm
On episode #47 we have Trevor Timm from the Electronic Freedom Foundation (EFF) talking about their privacy efforts and drones. Also up for discussion from the great state of Texas, HB 912.
Posted: April 24, 2013, 4:00 pm
The FAA let slip the SFAR one more time. This sequel is bordering on the obtuse, but gives us plenty to discuss as we share commentary on the ramifications for the U.S. UAS community. On the bright side... We’ll be discussing the upcoming Small Unmanned Systems Business Exposition set for July. Last but not least… The Berkeley, Drone Town Hall Meeting. This one has almost a serial quality as the dynamic duo head back to Berkeley California to espouse the potential of unmanned systems technology.
Posted: April 17, 2013, 3:30 pm
All Weather Sense and Avoid System
ADS-B and the potential it holds for integration of UAS into the National Airspace System (NAS). This weeks guests are Dr. V. Michael Contarino, Honorable Richard "Dick" Healing and RaNea Contarino.
Posted: April 5, 2013, 3:30 pm
Gene will be calling in from a controlled burn in central Texas. Listeners will get a firsthand account and description of the deployment of the Super Bat UAS for firefighting applications live from the field.
Posted: March 27, 2013, 3:00 pm
Chad Partridge and I discuss the take away from the Drone Law: Opportunities, Risks, and the Future discussion at U.C. Berkley Law School. We’ll recap some of the reservations and misconceptions that were expressed by this diverse group.
Posted: March 22, 2013, 4:00 pm
Gene and I discuss the symposiums that we attended this week, whom we met and the subject matter. We will also discuss the announcement of the Small Unmanned Business Exposition.
Posted: March 15, 2013, 5:30 pm
With Alan Leonardi, Deputy Director, NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory and Joe Cione.
We’ll talk about applications of autonomous systems (both sea and air based) in tropical storm environments, and work in atmospheric science and environmental awareness.
Posted: March 6, 2013, 4:30 pm
This week's guest is Dr. Jerry Lemieux from the Unmanned Vehicle University. We discuss direct paths to a professional career in the unmanned technologies sector. Listeners will learn about internships, financial aid, job placement assistance and even a sUAS with paid tuition. Do not miss this episode if you have ever contemplated breaking into the unmanned technologies sector.
Posted: March 4, 2013, 6:00 pm
We will discuss some of the recent progress being made by the FAA. Is there a connection between the EFF lawsuit and recent progress? We will alos discuss some of the popular misconceptions about the "Drones"
Posted: February 20, 2013, 4:30 pm
Gene and I will try to sort out what is going on with the deteriorating UAS situation. Safety study on hold, states banning RCAP, and where are the advocates?
Posted: February 6, 2013, 5:30 pm
Join us for a discussion with animal rights advocate and RPA enthusiast, Steve Hindi from SHARK (Showing Animals Respect and Kindness) http://www.sharkonline.org We will also discuss and review the NOVA Episode “Rise Of The Drones”
Posted: January 29, 2013, 4:00 pm
We speak with Mr. Gus Calderon and Mr. James Jewel. Mr. Calderon is applying for an exemption to 14 CFR parts 21.191 and 91.319 in a bid to operate his sUAS commercially in the NAS.
Mr. Jewel will share some information about the development of FAR 107, NextGEN, and some other timely UAS topics.
Posted: January 25, 2013, 2:30 pm
We will hear about some real world applications for small unmanned aircraft by the U.S. Geological Survey.
Posted: January 16, 2013, 4:30 pm
Episode #34’s guest is Doug Davis, Director of Global UAS Strategic Initiatives at the NMSU PSL.
Mr. Davis has been a long time contributing member of the unmanned aviation community. This will be an excellent opportunity to hear about the Global UAS airspace integration effort past, present and future.
Posted: January 9, 2013, 5:00 pm
We wrap everything up nicely and put a bow on 2012 with guest co-host sUAS News Executive Editor Gary Mortimer. We also wax nostalgically on the significant stories and technology breakthroughs of the past year as well as some predictions and plans for the unmanned technology sector in 2013. We go long, but episode 33 is bursting at the seams with unmanned technology goodness. Bring in the New Year with the sUAS News group.
Posted: January 1, 2013, 5:00 am
We get some insight on what it takes to make it and stay in the unmanned aircraft systems sector with Jay Willmott. This guy has been a success in this industry for around 30 years. Do not miss this rare chance to listen in to a conversation with a guy who has seen it all, and is willing to share tips on what it takes to make a future in this exciting technology field.
Posted: December 19, 2012, 4:30 pm
Our guest is sUAS Entrepreneur and former Navy SEAL John Surmont. We will learn about the early days of sUAS applications by Special Forces, and what it takes to monetize this technology. Episode #31 is sponsored by HoodTech Vision. visit: www.hoodtech.com
Posted: December 12, 2012, 4:30 pm
In this installment, we will talk with guest and sUAS News contributor Matthew Schroyer about the bright future of news-gathering with unmanned aircraft, and the one year anniversary of #dronejchat
We will also be joined by special guest co-host Marcus Min just returned from the Next Generation ISR conference in Washington D.C.
Posted: December 6, 2012, 4:30 pm
Test sites, the TMZ Drone, the demise of Airship Ventures and the RPAS Civil Operations Conference.
Posted: November 28, 2012, 4:30 pm
We discuss some NASA RPA science mission with our guest Geoff Bland. We’ll get some historical perspective as well as some future plans for the many possible unmanned science missions.
Posted: November 14, 2012, 3:00 pm
Commentary and views on current events and what can be deduced from what we read in the news. Iran The Podcast Series topping a 100,000 downloads The Shed feature from the suasnews.com Website NIE 13.1 at White Sands Missile Range Privacy issuse 3D Robotics As well as other timely topics of interest to the unmanned aviation community.
Posted: November 10, 2012, 3:00 pm
During the episode, we will broadcast live from a SAR training event being instructed by our co host Gene Robinson. Our guest is Chris Onions. He works full time for Rescue 3 (UK) providing training to the emergency services in water and rope rescue in North Wales.
This event represents another historic first coming to you from the sUAS News.
Posted: October 31, 2012, 8:00 pm
We discuss my attendence of the International Symposium for Personal and Commercial Space Flight.
We examine the bourgeoning commercial space sector. Parallels and insights into the regulation of this emerging market and the lesson we can learn from their integration effort. Is this another glaring example of a regulatory double standard, or a missed opportunity for the U.S. Unmanned Aviation sector?
Posted: October 24, 2012, 1:30 pm
Gene and I discuss current events, future shows and we will broadcast live from a First Person View (FPV) Fly In. sUAS News is blazing a new trail as we start a series of podcasts where we take the listeners out into the field to get an idea of what it is like to work in UA/RPA technology application sector. All you have to do is listen in to be a part of history.
Posted: October 13, 2012, 5:30 pm
In this episode, we'll discuss more feedback from the shows we have attended. My possible attendance of the International Symposium for Personal and Commercial Spaceflight (ISPCS).
Also, some reflections and interpretations of the Unmanned Vehicle University Executive Certificate course, and we'll be speaking with uur guest Stephen Born about his article in Heli-Pilot magazine and the input from the FAA.
Posted: October 3, 2012, 2:30 pm
In this episode we discuss some of the other benefits offered to the membership with Chris Mailey, AUVSI's VP of Knowledge Resources.
Gene and I will also talk about some of the roadwork we've been doing over the last couple of weeks including the UA Caucus in Washington D.C.
Posted: September 26, 2012, 3:30 pm
Gene and I get a update from Ted Wierzbanowski, Chairman of the ASTM F-38 committee.
FAA tasked the ASTM (and other groups) to work on standards to supporting the sUAS ARC recommendations and the upcoming FAR.
Mr. Wierzbanowski works for AeroViornment, was the co-chair of the sUAS ARC and has many years of experience working the Global Airspace Integration effort through the various standards groups.
Posted: September 19, 2012, 3:00 pm
Gene is headed to D.C. for the House UAS Caucus, and I'm going to Texas for the Southwest Economic Forum. A lot of things going on including a connversation with Jim Williams, head of the FAA UASIO.
Posted: September 11, 2012, 3:30 pm
Our guest will be Mr. Ken Defoor.
Mr. Dafoor has a along and distinguished career in law enforcement that includes 27 years as a member of the Houston Police Department, as well as Chief of Police with the Dayton Texas Police Department. He will give us some perspective on UAS from the law enforcement application side of things.
Posted: August 30, 2012, 2:00 pm
Gene and I discuss some ways companies can and are making money in this industry now, in the near-term, as well as in the future. We will also discuss possible strategies you can use to position your company to take advantage of the upcoming regulations.
Posted: August 23, 2012, 2:00 pm
Guests will include; Gretchen West, Dr. Jerry Lemieux, Marcus Min and other special guests sharing their experiences and interpretations from the 2012 show.
Next best thing to being at the show in person ;-)
Posted: August 8, 2012, 4:00 pm
Gene and I will announce the winner of the First To Deploy book download and recap the last 3 months of the show.
Posted: August 1, 2012, 4:30 pm
Our guest for this installment is Gretchen West, Executive Vice President of AUVSI. We will discuss current events as well as the Unmanned Systems Show 2012.
Posted: July 25, 2012, 6:30 pm
Part of the podcast series that showcases Universities offering education in the Unmanned Technologies field. In this installment we will be speaking with Kyle Snyder and Dr. Larry Silverberg. From the North Carolina State University Including the NextGen Air Transportation Center at ITRE and the Department or Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering.
Posted: July 24, 2012, 4:00 pm
Part two of the podcast series that showcases Universities offering education in the Unmanned Technologies field. In this installment we will be speaking with Dr. Benjamin Trapnell. Associate Professor of Aeronautics (UAS Operations) JDO School of Aerospace Sciences, University of North Dakota
Posted: July 23, 2012, 4:00 pm
Part one of the podcast series that showcases Universities offering education in this field.
In this installment we will be speaking with Dr. Jerry LeMieux Director, Unmanned Vehicle University.
Posted: July 19, 2012, 4:00 pm
In this weeks episode, we will discuss current events including the AIrship Ventures Zeppelin NT tour. First to Deploy (book and show), and a conversation with Jay Flanzbaum from Boca Bearings about their 2012 Innovations Competition.
Posted: July 18, 2012, 5:30 pm
In this week’s episode, we will have an in-depth and candid discussion with the President of UVS International, Peter van Blyenburgh. Peter will impart some insight into the ICAO, European Commission and EUROCAE RPAS integration efforts. We will also hear current RPAS related events from China, India, Russia, South America and the other corners of the world. Don’t miss this excellent opportunity to hear a Global update on the Remotely Piloted Aircraft System sector.
Posted: July 11, 2012, 4:30 pm
In this week’s episode, we will talk current events including the launch of Gene’s book, First to Deploy Unmanned Aircraft For SAR & Law Enforcement. We will also have Marcus Min, Lead Generation Guru for Technology Training Corporation. He’ll shed some insight into the technology symposium powerhouse.
Like sUAS News on Facebook for a chance to win a gratis copy of First to Deploy!
Posted: July 5, 2012, 4:00 pm
In this episode we will discuss the uses for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) by Public Safety professionals. Our Guest Benjamin Miller must have been out on the fires in Colorado??
Gene and myself had a candid and varied conversation.
Posted: June 27, 2012, 4:00 pm
This episode we will discuss the Test Center concept from the small business perspective.
This week’s guest is Steve Morris from MLB Company. He will share some of his working knowledge of testing and flying at various sites. Among the topics up for discussion, cost and logistical considerations for test center use. www.mlbuav.com
Posted: June 20, 2012, 5:00 pm
We will disscuss these topics and current evens with special guests Tim Adelman and Leonard Ligon.
Posted: June 13, 2012, 3:00 pm
In this installment I will go over what to expect from the 2012 symposium season, and recap some of what transpired last week.
Our special guest is Andra Keay from Robot Launchpad.
Andra was the person who produced the Silicon Valley Robotics Block Party and Robotics Retreat. We will talk about the current robot start up culture and how she helps bring emerging engineering to market.
Posted: June 6, 2012, 4:00 pm
FAST FORWARD TO 6 MINUTES… WE EXPERIENCED AUDIO TECHNICAL DIFFICULTIES
Gene and I will delve into the hullabaloo over privacy concerns and the DHS/FAA lists of approved UAS vendors as well as other timely subjects.
During the course of the show, listeners will be able to join the chat and ask questions.
Posted: May 30, 2012, 3:00 pm
This Installment will feature Bryant Walker Smith.
Fellow, Center for Internet and Society (CIS), Stanford Law
Fellow, Center for Automotive Research at Stanford (CARS),
We will converse about some recent and upcoming events as well as examine the potential ramifications for our roads and society.
Posted: May 23, 2012, 8:00 pm
In this installment, we will discuss the role sUAS plays in assisting the Sea Shepherd in their ongoing endeavor to help safeguard the inhabitants of our delicate ocean ecosystems. Sure to be an exciting and informative dialogue, with all that had to be overcome operating an unmanned system from the high seas. We look forward to finding out more about this admirable example of what can be accomplished with a low risk, low cost solution.
sUAS News produces these podcasts with the aspirations of mainstreaming applications for unmanned technologies in an effort to make the world a better place.
Posted: May 16, 2012, 5:00 pm
The application of unmanned aerial systems for SAR. Interview with Gene Robinson from RP Search Service. We will discuss his vast experience of employing this technology to find missing persons and other things. We will also delve into Gene’s upcoming book,
First to Deploy : Unmanned Aircraft Use for Search & Rescue/Law Enforcement.
As well as his insights and views about the possibilities this technology has to offer.
Posted: May 9, 2012, 8:00 pm